Computationally binding quantum commitments

Computationally binding quantum commitmentsD. Unruh (Eurocrypt 2016).  [publisher's version | eprint]

Abstract: We present a new definition of computationally binding commitment schemes in the quantum setting, which we call "collapse-binding". The definition applies to string commitments, composes in parallel, and works well with rewinding-based proofs. We give simple constructions of collapse-binding commitments in the random oracle model, giving evidence that they can be realized from hash functions like SHA-3. We evidence the usefulness of our definition by constructing three-round statistical zero-knowledge quantum arguments of knowledge for all NP languages.